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2019年7月18日/20日/27日雅思寫作預測匯總

2019-07-10 15:52:18 編輯:無 瀏覽:(257次)

對于中國的學生來說

寫作一直是一個大難題

不過雅思寫作終歸有跡可循

只要準備充分

還是可以輕松拿高分的

今天就給大家整理一下解題思路

幫助大家攻克雅思寫作~

你知道嗎?

19年到目前為止的考試中

70%的考題都是重復原題

而且以13-15年原題為主

所以大家考前重點練習這三年的真題提綱



預測不是猜題

而是通過有效的練習

為可能出現的任何題目做好準備

Good luck~


小作文:

一級重點:表格,柱圖,地圖

二級重點:餅圖,線圖


表格滿分范文:


The table below shows the amount of waste production (in millions of tonnes) in six different countries over a twenty-year period.


The chart compares the amounts of waste that were produced in six countries in the years 1980, 1990 and 2000.


In each of these years, the US produced more waste than Ireland, Japan, Korea, Poland and Portugal combined. It is also noticeable that Korea was the only country that managed to reduce its waste output by the year 2000.


Between 1980 and 2000, waste production in the US rose from 131 to 192 million tonnes, and rising trends were also seen in Japan, Poland and Portugal. Japan’s waste output increased from 28 to 53 million tonnes, while Poland and Portugal saw waste totals increase from 4 to 6.6 and from 2 to 5 million tonnes respectively.


The trends for Ireland and Korea were noticeably different from those described above. In Ireland, waste production increased more than eightfold, from only 0.6 million tonnes in 1980 to 5 million tonnes in 2000. Korea, by contrast, cut its waste output by 12 million tonnes between 1990 and 2000.


柱圖滿分范文:


The bar graph shows the global sales (in billions of dollars) of different types of digital games between 2000 and 2006.


The bar chart compares the turnover in dollars from sales of video games for four different platforms, namely mobile phones, online, consoles and handheld devices, from 2000 to 2006.


It is clear that sales of games for three out of the four platforms rose each year, leading to a significant rise in total global turnover over the 7-year period. Sales figures for handheld games were at least twice as high as those for any other platform in almost every year.


In 2000, worldwide sales of handheld games stood at around $11 billion, while console games earned just under $6 billion. No figures are given for mobile or online games in that year. Over the next 3 years, sales of handheld video games rose by about $4 billion, but the figure for consoles decreased by $2 billion. Mobile phone and online games started to become popular, with sales reaching around $3 billion in 2003.


In 2006, sales of handheld, online and mobile games reached peaks of 17, 9 and 7 billion dollars respectively. By contrast, turnover from console games dropped to its lowest point, at around $2.5 billion.


地圖題常用詞句表達:


開頭段詞句表達:

The two pictures show the layout change of a park between 1980 and now.

The two pictures illustrate the layout of a particular city from 1965 to 2015 and its proposed changes in 2018.

These two maps clearly summarize the changes taken place at a college campus across those two years 1925 and 2010.

The maps illustrate the changes in the layout of a conference center from present to future.


綜述段詞句表達:

It is noticeable that the urban area has changed considerably in terms of an increase of the local population and a decline of the woodland coverage. Also, a number of transport infrastructures have been and are planned to be built by the end of the period.

In conclusion, after a series of changes, the functions would be more diversified.

In conclusion, the function of the conference center is strengthened with the change of the layout.


主體段詞句表達:

“存在”句型

1. There be

In 1980, there was a West-to-South main road in the park.

2. Be located/situated

Also, a small pond was located between main road and the west of the park, circled by three benches.

In 1925, a sports ground was situated in the northwest corner of the campus half surrounded by a road to its west.

3. With 伴隨

There is a river Tam that crosses the city from north to south, with a tributary joining into the mainstream from the west.

4. 地點在前倒裝句型

Situated on the east side of the river Tam, a few houses ashore actually occupied only one fourth of the land.

One connected the car park located in the northeast and the other bridged a cafe and a music center, to the south of which was a lecture room.


“變化”句型

不變

There was no change about the road ,the lecture room and the music center

The garden and car park remain at the same location with a minor alteration in size.

擴大

At first, the main road is extended to north and east.

拆除

The previous park was demolished/knocked down/pulled down.

建立, 添加

Besides, some new picnic chairs and desks are built among the trees for people to enjoy the barbecue.

A new bridge has been added to the upper reaches of the river, and another foot bridge to the south.

取代

Then, the flowers in the southwest are replaced by bush and the flower bed in the southeast is substituted by a playground.


地圖滿分范文


The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.

The diagrams illustrate some proposed changes to the central area of the town of Islip.


It is clear that the principal change to the town will be the construction of a ring road around the centre. Various other developments with regard to shops and housing will accompany the building of this road.


Looking at the map of Islip as it is now, we can see that a main road runs throughits centre from east to west. The second map shows the planned pedestrianisation of this road. Traffic will be diverted on to a dual carriageway that will form a ring around the town centre.


Currently there is a row of shops along either side of the main road. However, it appears that the shops along the north side of the new pedestrian street will be demolished to make way for a bus station, shopping centre, car park and new housing area. The shops along the south side of the street will  remain, but it seems that the town’s park will be reduced in size so that more new houses can be built within the ring road.


餅圖滿分范文


The pie charts below compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest of the world.  

The pie charts give information about the water used for residential, industrial and agricultural purposes in San Diego County, California, and the world as a whole.


It is noticeable that more water is consumed by homes than by industry or agriculture in the two American regions. By contrast, agriculture accounts for the vast majority of water used worldwide.


In San Diego County and California State, residential water consumption accounts for 60% and 39% of total water usage. By contrast, a mere 8% of the water used globally goes to homes. The opposite trend can be seen when we look at water consumption for agriculture. This accounts for a massive 69% of global water use, but only 17% and 28% of water usage in San Diego and California respectively.


Such dramatic differences are not seen when we compare the figures for industrial water use. The same proportion of water (23%) is used by industry in San Diego and worldwide, while the figure for California is 10% higher, at 33%.


線圖滿分范文:


The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

The line graph compares the percentage of people aged 65 or more in three countries over a period of 100 years.


It is clear that the proportion of elderly people increases in each country between 1940 and 2040. Japan is expected to see the most dramatic changes in its elderly population.


In 1940, around 9% of Americans were aged 65 or over, compared to about 7% of Swedish people and 5% of Japanese people. The proportions of elderly people in the USA and Sweden rose gradually over the next 50 years, reaching just under 15% in 1990. By contrast, the figures for Japan remained below 5% until the early 2000s.


Looking into the future, a sudden increase in the percentage of elderly people is predicted for Japan, with a jump of over 15% in just 10 years from 2030 to 2040. By 2040, it is thought that around 27% of the Japanese population will be 65 years old or more, while the figures for Sweden and the USA will be slightly lower, at about 25% and 23% respectively.


大作文:

一級重點:社會類,媒體類,教育類

二級重點:政府職能類,科技類,全球化類


參考范文:


社會類滿分范文:

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult. Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?


Cities are often seen as places of opportunity, but there are also some major drawbacks of living in a large metropolis. In my opinion, governments could do much more to improve city life for the average inhabitant.

The main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate to a large city is that the cost of living is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. Inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that urban areas tend to suffer from social problems such as high crime and poverty rates in comparison with rural areas. Furthermore, the air quality in cities is often poor, due to pollution from traffic, and the streets and public transport systems are usually overcrowded. As a result, city life can be unhealthy and stressful.

However, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems. Firstly, they could invest money in the building of affordable or social housing to reduce the cost of living. Secondly, politicians have the power to ban vehicles from city centres and promote the use of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic congestion. In London, for example, the introduction of a congestion charge for drivers has helped to curb the traffic problem. A third option would be to develop provincial towns and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities.

In conclusion, governments could certainly implement a range of measures toenhance the quality of life for all city residents.


媒體類滿分范文:

Nowadays celebrities are more famous for their glamour and wealth than for their achievements, and this sets a bad example to young people.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


It is true that some celebrities are known for their glamorous lifestyles rather than for the work they do. While I agree that these celebrities set a bad example for children, I believe that other famous people act as positive role models.

On the one hand, many people do achieve fame without really working for it. They may have inherited money from parents, married a famous or wealthy person, or they may have appeared in gossip magazines or on a reality TV programme. A good example would be Paris Hilton, who is rich and famous for the wrong reasons. She spends her time attending parties and nightclubs, and her behaviour promotes the idea that appearance, glamour and media profile are more important than hard work and good character. The message to young people is that success can be achieved easily, and that school work is not necessary.

On the other hand, there are at least as many celebrities whose accomplishments make them excellent role models for young people. Actors, musicians and sports stars become famous idols because they have worked hard and applied themselves to develop real skills and abilities. They demonstrate greateffort, determination and ambition, which is required for someone who wants to be truly successful in their chosen field. An example is the actor and martial artist Jackie Chan, who has become world famous through years of practice and hard work. This kind of self-made celebrity can inspire children to develop their talentsthrough application and perseverance.

In conclusion, it seems to me that the influence of celebrities on young people can be positive as well as negative.


教育類滿分范文:

Some parents buy their children whatever they ask for, and allow their children to do whatever they want. Is this a good way to raise children? What consequences could this style of parenting have for children as they get older?


It is true that some parents are overly permissive and tend to spoil their children. In my opinion, this is not a good parenting style, and it can have a range of negative long-term consequences.

If parents want to raise respectful and well-behaved children, I believe that a certain amount of discipline is necessary. Having worked with children myself, I have learnt that clear expectations and boundaries are necessary, and it is important to be able to say ‘no’ to children when they misbehave or try to push against these boundaries. This is the only way to help young people to regulate their desires and develop self control. In my view, parents who do the opposite and constantly give in to their children’s demands, are actually doing more harm than good. They are failing their children rather than being kind to them.

The children of indulgent or lenient parents are likely to grow up with several negative personality traits. The first and most obvious danger is that these children will become self-centred adults who show little consideration for the feelings or needs of others. One consequence of such an attitude could be that these adults are unable to work successfully in teams with other colleagues. A second negative trait in such people could be impulsiveness. A person who has never lived with any boundaries is likely to lack the patience to carefully consider options before making decisions. This may lead, for example, to compulsive shopping, unwise financial decisions, or even criminal activity.

In conclusion, parents should help their children to develop self control and respect for others, and I do not believe that the permissive parenting style supports this objective.


政府職能類滿分范文:

Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.


People have different views about how governments should measure their countries’ progress. While economic progress is of course essential, I agree with those who believe that other measures of progress are just as important.

There are three key reasons why economic growth is seen as a fundamental goal for countries. Firstly, a healthy economy results in job creation, a high level of employment, and better salaries for all citizens. Secondly, economic progress ensures that more money is available for governments to spend on infrastructure and public services. For example, a government with higher revenues can invest in the country's transport network, its education system and its hospitals. Finally, a strong economy can help a country’s standing on the global stage, in terms of its political influence and trading power.

However, I would argue that various other forms of progress are just as significant as the economic factors mentioned above. In particular, we should consider the area of social justice, human rights, equality and democracy itself. For example, the treatment of minority groups is often seen as a reflection of the moral standards and level of development of a society. Perhaps another key consideration when judging the progress of a modern country should be how well that country protects the natural environment, and whether it is moving towards environmental sustainability. Alternatively, the success of a nation could be measured by looking at the health, well-being and happiness of its residents.

In conclusion, the economy is obviously a key marker of a country’s success, but social, environmental and health criteria are equally significant.


科技類滿分范文:

Some universities now offer their courses on the Internet so that people can study online. Is this a positive or negative development?


It is true that online courses are becoming a common feature of university education. Although there are some drawbacks of Internet-based learning, I would argue that there are far more benefits.

The main drawback of the trend towards online university courses is that there is less direct interaction. Students may not have the opportunity to engage face-to-face with their teachers, and will instead have to rely on written forms of communication. Similarly, students who study online do not come into direct contact with each other, and this could have a negative impact on peer support, discussion and exchange of ideas. For example, whereas students on traditional courses can attend seminars and even discuss their subjects over coffee after lessons, online learners are restricted to chatting through website forum areas. These learners may also lack the motivation and element of competition that face-to-face group work brings.

Despite the negatives mentioned above, I believe that online university courses are a positive development for various reasons. Firstly, they allow learners to study in a flexible way, meaning that they can work whenever and wherever is convenient, and they can cover the material at their own pace. Secondly, the cost of a university education can be greatly reduced, while revenues for institutions may increase as more students can be taught. Finally, online learning offers open access to anybody who is willing to study, regardless of age, location, ability and background.For example, my uncle, who is 65 years old, has recently enrolled on an online MBA course in a different country, which would have been impossible in the days beforeInternet-based education.

In conclusion, while I recognise the possible disadvantages of online learning, I consider it to be a positive development overall.


全球化類滿分范文:

We cannot help everyone in the world that needs help, so we should only be concerned with our own communities and countries.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


Some people believe that we should not help people in other countries as long as there are problems in our own society. I disagree with this view because I believe that we should try to help as many people as possible.

On the one hand, I accept that it is important to help our neighbours and fellow citizens. In most communities there are people who are impoverished or disadvantaged in some way. It is possible to find homeless people, for example, in even the wealthiest of cities, and for those who are concerned about this problem, there are usually opportunities to volunteer time or give money to support these people. In the UK, people can help in a variety of ways, from donating clothing to serving free food in a soup kitchen. As the problems are on our doorstep, and there are obvious ways to help, I can understand why some people feel that we should prioritise local charity.

At the same time, I believe that we have an obligation to help those who live beyond our national borders. In some countries the problems that people face are much more serious than those in our own communities, and it is often even easier to help. For example, when children are dying from curable diseases in African countries, governments and individuals in richer countries can save lives simply by paying for vaccines that already exist. A small donation to an international charity might have a much greater impact than helping in our local area.

In conclusion, it is true that we cannot help everyone, but in my opinion national boundaries should not stop us from helping those who are in need.


參考構思:

社會類:

1. The only way to improve the safety on our roads is to give much stricter punishment to driving offences. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:震懾作用,讓司機考慮自己的行為后果;

不同意:這不是唯一辦法,還有其他辦法:提高安全意識;完善道路設施;加強駕校的培訓考核


2. Some people think young people are not suitable for important positions in the government,while other people think it is a good idea for young people to take these positions. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

甲方:年輕人缺乏責任心,不成熟,老年人經驗更豐富

乙方:年輕人有活力,創新精神,更懂得如何利用現代科技


3. Nowadays, many people do not feel safe either when they are at home or go out. What are the reasons and what can be done to solve this problem?

原因:治安不好,犯罪率高;交通事故頻發;媒體夸大負面新聞

措施:加大力度打擊犯罪;改善道路安全;媒體客觀報導新聞事件


4. People believe that they should be able to keep all the money they earn and should not pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

不同意:稅收用于建公共設施,地鐵、醫院、學校;稅收用于國防,保衛國家利益;能夠減少貧富差距,將社會財富進行重新分配。稅收還能調控人們的行為,例如煙草稅使人們減少抽煙

同意:低收入階層可以不交稅,稅收政策應該照顧窮人的利益


5.Some people believe that the best way to build a happier society is to ensure that there are only small differences between the richest and the poorest members. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:貧富差距太大對窮人不公平,容易導致高犯罪率;窮人仇恨富人,富人也缺乏安全感

不同意:貧富差距并不是越小越好,消除貧富差距會使得人們失去積極進取的動力


媒體類:

1. Some people think that advertising discourages us from being different individuals, as all people want to do the same and look the same. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

廣告使人們變得相同:廣告給人們洗腦,人們跟風購買相同的產品,害怕自己落伍

廣告不會使人們失去個性:很多人有自己的消費習慣,不會被廣告改變;人們的購買力不同,廠家也會推出不同檔次的產品。


2. Nowadays there is a trend that reports of media focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive developments. Some people think it is harmful to individuals and to the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?  

報導負面新聞的弊端:造成恐慌和不穩定;人們缺乏安全感

報導負面新聞的好處:披露社會的問題,引起人們對問題的關注,有助于解決問題。可以舉例:貧困、災害、腐敗等等。


3. Films and computer games containing violence are popular. Some people say they have negative effect on society and should be banned. Others say they are just harmless relaxation. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.  

甲方:媒體暴力內容對人們的性格和行為有不良影響,某些人傾向于暴力解決問題,青少年容易模仿暴力。

乙方:沒有必要夸大媒體暴力內容的社會影響,成年人能夠分辨虛擬和真實;某些暴力內容能夠幫助人們緩解工作生活壓力


4. More and more people want to buy famous brands of clothes, cars and other items. What are the reasons? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

原因:名牌產品請明星代言,很多人崇拜明星;名牌代表身份,買名牌出于虛榮心

好處:名牌產品質量可靠,提高生活品質

弊端:價格太高,造成生活負擔,導致不正確的消費觀念


教育類:

1. Some people think that all young people should be required to have full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:學校教育的重要性,學習理論知識為將來打好基礎,未成年人在學校受到保護

不同意:有些人不愿意學習理論知識,離開學校能夠學習實用技能和增長社會經驗


2. Some working parents believe childcare centers can provide best care for children, while others think family members like grandparents can do it better. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

甲方:育兒中心有專業老師,更有經驗;孩子能夠學習與其他人如何相處

乙方:孩子太小,需要家人照顧;爺爺奶奶更加細心體貼,照顧孩子的個性需求


3. Some people think that children should obey the rules as parents and teachers want them to do. Others think that less control will help children deal with adult life. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.  

孩子應該聽話:父母老師有經驗,能夠提供正確的指導,使孩子少犯錯誤;舉例論證,有些孩子被父母寵壞了,結果出現不良行為;有的人缺乏自控,不守紀律,影響學習。

孩子不應該聽話:失去獨立性,依賴他人;沒有自信;不適應社會;限制孩子能力的發展;缺乏想象力和創造力;


4. Some people think that only the best students should be rewarded. Others, however, think that it is more important to reward students who show improvements. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.  

甲方:鼓勵競爭,優秀的學生能夠樹立良好的榜樣

乙方:獎勵優秀學生給普通學生帶來壓力,而獎勵普通學生能夠讓他們有進步的動力


5. Some people think secondary school students should learn international news as one of their subjects, while others believe that this is a waste of valuable time. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.  

甲方:了解國際新聞時事,寬廣的知識面,適應國際化的發展趨勢

乙方:耽誤時間,干擾其他科目的學習,這門課程本身沒有太多的實用性


6. Some people believe that everyone has the right to receive university education, so the government should make it free to all people regardless of their financial background. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:無論貧富都能平等接受教育,為國家培養人才,有利于國家長期發展

不同意:政府的財政壓力太大,學校可能資金不足,導致一系列的問題


政府職能類:

1. Some people believe that when designing a building, the most important thing to be considered is the function rather than the appearance. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

建筑物功能的重要性:讓人們住得舒適;城市土地有限、住房短缺、優先考慮建筑的功能,滿足人們對于居住和辦公的需求。

建筑物外觀的重要性:代表城市的形象;反映城市的文化特征;吸引顧客或者游客。


2. Some people think that the government has the duty to ensure that its citizens have a healthy diet, while others believe this is individuals' responsibility. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

甲方:不健康的飲食容易導致身體問題,增加社會的醫療成本;政府的某些措施是行之有效的(例如脂肪稅fat tax,禁煙)。

乙方:人們抱怨政府干涉他們的生活;很多人有自己的生活方式,政府難以改變人們的生活習慣。不健康生活方式很多是由于工作忙和壓力大造成的。


科技類:

1. It is said that very soon computers will become more intelligent than human beings. Some people think it is a positive development, while others think it is a negative development. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

甲方:智能機器可以代替人完成很多工作,效率高

乙方:導致失業率增加,人們過于依賴機器人的工作,機器人如果失去控制非常危險


2. With the increasing use of mobile phones and computers, people are no longer writing letters now. Some people think the traditional skill of writing letters will disappear. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

寫信大大減少:手機和電腦的好處,快速、方便、高效,滿足現代生活的需要;發電子郵件更加環保,節省紙張,避免浪費。

寫信不會完全消失:在某些場合寫信是必需的。寫信能夠促進人們之間的感情交流,親手寫信能夠體現誠意,表示尊敬;寫信能夠更好地鍛煉人們的書寫能力,尤其是對于孩子。


3. Public museums are no longer important, as people can see historical objects and artworks on virtual museums. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

網絡博物館的優勢:維護成本低;沒有開放的時間限制;有利于保護珍貴文物,因為游客參觀可能導致損壞。

真實博物館的優勢:游客的體驗更加深刻;博物館反映了城市的文化特征,吸引游客。


全球化類:

1. In a global economy, many goods, including what we use on a daily basis, are transported from other counties in a long distance. Do its benefits outweigh its drawbacks?

好處:提供多種多樣、價廉物美的產品,豐富人們的生活,貿易發展創造更多的就業機會;解決某些國家資源不足或工業結構不平衡的問題

弊端:部分國家變得過于依賴進口;長途運輸,尤其是航空運輸消耗能源,造成環境污染


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